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|The Old province of Gévaudan, which lost part of its grounds in the North (Langeac) and gained a small end in the Cevennes became Lozere during the creation of the departments.|
It was finally the climax of the department, the Mount Lozere (1699 m), which was to give it its name. Indeed, there was many debates, because many were those to wish to give it the name of department of the Sources. Good reason, just as the Central Massif is often called the Water Tower of France, Lozere would largely deserve the name of Central Massif Water Tower.
With an average altitude of 1000 m, Lozere is the highest department of France. Nevertheless, far from the alpine heights, its climax, the Summit of Finiels, on the Lozere Mount, does reach only 1699 m. It's also the less populated French department, with only 74000 inhabitants.
Multiple by its landscape diversity, Lozere (5177km²) gathers four great natural areas carved by mineral and furrowed by not less than 473 rivers.
|The Aubrac (country of basalt)|
This vast plateau, astride on the departments of Lozere, Aveyron and Cantal, is an immense highland meadow. Here, men breed the Aubrac cow, of which milk is used to manufacture fresh cheese, basic ingredient of the famous Aligot and which, refined, would be able to become cantal. In the country of «burons» (highland dairy and herdsmen's house), the low stone walls surrounded pasturages offer a landscape with soft green forms.
|The Margeride (country of granite)|
The Margeride proposes landscapes with rounded forms where meadows and impetuous torrents follow one another without violence. But most surprising are these blocks of granite which level everywhere. These polished rocks, with oval or round forms, are sometimes piled up in chaos or are disseminated in the meadows like the animals of a herd.
|The Cevennes and Lozere-Mount (country of shist and granite)|
Extending over the south-east of Lozere, the Cevennes are a maze of deep valleys where are winding running brooks with crystalline waters. Country of Sweet Chestnut, for centuries this area was one of richest of Lozere. The place being restricted, the men built garden and cultivation terraces, arranged irrigation canals... The landscapes are still marked by these multiple terraces, signs of the men relentlessness to enhance a poor ground, but which is theirs.
|Gorges of the Tarn, the Jonte, the Large Causses (limestone country)|
The rivers of Tarn and Jonte dug imposing gorges, of which the depth reaches sometimes more than 500 m and which separate each from other the arid stripped plateaus, the causses (Sauveterre, Méjean, Noir). Slightly undulating, the causses preserve some forests of pines. The human activity concentrates in the rare hamlets and the insulated farms always located around small depressions with clayey ground.