n the Causse, where limestone is omnipresent, the houses are built entirely out of stone. The dwellings, with their thick walls, are robust masonries with floor which one reaches by an external stairway. The roof is also made out of stones punts called «Lauzes» (Roofing stones).T
he essential characteristic of the farm of causses is that its construction uses and amply exploits the vaults. These were imperatively necessary in order to support the significant weight of the heavy covers of roofing stones. To sustain these thick vaults and to support the heavy roof, the walls too must be solid and stable, i.e. thick (usually 1m to 1,80m) with very few small and narrow openings. This explains the darkness of these old typical sheepfolds.S
ome old farms kept marks from the passage of Sarrazins in our region, with residences taking from the Aragonese style, as it is possible to see some in Soulages, Le Massegros or Monziols. The particularity of this last is due to its covered terrace where the arches open on a closed court which can be reached by a central stairway.R
ooms and buildings arrangement.T
he house of causses is generally built in three levels :
on ground floor, the sheepfold for the sheep, the stable for the cows, the oxen, the horse.
on the first floor, the dwelling.
on the second floor, under the roofs, the barn, the granary.
we will not forget the cistern which will be, according to circumstances, on the same level as the animals, or straight down in basement !